Major principles of learning

Learning is gradual process of acquiring knowledge and skills, behaviour values or preferences and it involves synthesizing different types of information and producing relatively permanent changes in learning organism. Principles laws that are generally applied to process of learning and

Principles of learning include the following:

  • Effect. Individuals learn best when learning process is accompanied by pleasant or satisfying feelings and that learning is weakened when associated with unpleasant feelings. For effective learning, learning environment should generate feeling of satisfaction.
  • Exercise. Learners learn best and retain information for longer when they have meaningful practice and repetition. Based on the fact that human beings can hardly retain, evaluate and apply new concepts after a single exposure. 
  • Readiness. Individuals learn best when they are physically, emotionally and mentally prepared to learn. Learners environment provides an intrinsically motivating experience.
  • Primacy. Things that are learned first create a strong impression in the mind that is difficult to erase. Learners first experience should be positive and lay a foundation for advanced learning. 
  • Freedom. Individuals learn best what thsy freely chose to learn. Effective learning requires learners to exercise personal responsibility through freedom of action and choice.
  • Intensity. Individuals learn best from real objects than from substitutes of real objects. 
  • Recency. Individuals are likely to remember best information that was acquired most recently. Frequent review and summary of information aid in retaining information in the memory

Denis Kyalo

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